Endoscopy is a way of looking inside the body using a flexible tube that has a small camera on the end of it. This instrument is called an endoscope. A variety of endoscopic procedures allow specially trained doctors to see inside — and sometimes treat — parts of your digestive tract, lungs and pancreas without having to make an incision.
Endoscopy specialists, who include gastroenterologists, pulmonologists and surgeons, offer a wide range of minimally invasive tests to help determine the cause of:
- Abdominal pain.
- Difficulty swallowing.
- Gastrointestinal bleeding.
- Difficulty breathing.
- Other related symptoms.
How the Procedure Works
An endoscope is passed through a natural body opening or small cut. For example, a gastrointestinal endoscope may be inserted through the mouth or anus. A laparoscope is inserted through small surgical cuts in the pelvic or belly area. In men, a urinary tract endoscope is passed through the opening of the urethra.
You'll be kept as comfortable as possible during your endoscopy. Before the test, you may be asked to refrain from eating or drinking, or you might need to take some medicine to clean your digestive tract. During the test, you might also receive medicine to help you relax or fall asleep.
For a referral to an endoscopic specialist, please contact your primary care physician.
Upper Endoscopy Procedures
- Esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD).
- Esophageal manometry.
- Bravo esophageal pH test.
- Barrett's esophagus treatment.
- ERCP: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography.
- Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS).