The pelvic floor is a group of muscles that supports the organs in the pelvic area, including your bladder, uterus and intestines. When those muscles weaken, one or more of these organs might drop (prolapse) from its normal place, pushing into the vagina or large intestine and rectum.
Pelvic prolapse typically occurs in women as they get older. Risk factors include pregnancy, childbirth, especially a large baby or traumatic delivery, and being overweight. Genetics plays a large role. It’s estimated that one-third of all women will experience it at some point.
Pelvic prolapse occurs when the muscles that hold your pelvic organs in place become weak or stretched. Carrying a pregnancy and childbirth may contribute to the condition. Pelvic prolapse can be made worse by adding pressure to the pelvic area from being overweight, chronic coughing or constipation.
Depending on the organs that have prolapsed, symptoms can include:
Your HonorHealth gynecologist will take your health history, ask more detailed questions about your symptoms and do a physical exam, which will include a pelvic exam.
From there, you may be referred for additional tests that might include a urinary tract X-ray and a CT scan, ultrasound or MRI of the pelvis.
Treatment options will depend on the severity of your symptoms and the pelvic organs that have prolapsed. Treatment might include: