Diabetic foot ulcers
Poorly fitting shoes
Something as simple as a poorly fitting shoe may lead to the development of a diabetic foot ulcer. If your shoe is too tight, blisters or calluses may form that can lead to an ulceration or break in your skin. Toe deformities such as a hammertoe or bunion, and toenail issues such as ingrown or overgrown toenails can also contribute as your shoes may not fit properly.
Diabetic neuropathy is a condition in which you have very decreased sensation or feeling in your feet. If you lose sensation in your feet, you may not feel if your shoe is too tight or if there's something inside your shoe like a pebble. A blister or ulcer may form that isn’t felt or noticed until perhaps you see blood on your sock at the end of the day. If you have diabetes, you should routinely check your feet, including between your toes, for ulcerations or breaks in the skin.
Blockage in your arteries
Another risk factor if you have diabetes is that you may develop poor circulation from a partial or complete blockage of the arteries going to your feet. This may lead to developing a diabetic foot ulcer and also contribute to poor healing once you have one. This can lead to a serious infection that may result in hospitalization, surgery or even amputation of a toe, foot or leg.
If you’re dealing with a diabetic foot ulcer, you should seek medical attention as soon as possible. A delay in evaluation can have devastating effects that could be preventable if treated early.
Failure to treat your diabetic foot ulcer early may lead to worsening of the ulceration, which can lead to infection. Infection can be localized to your foot, but if it’s more severe, it can spread to other parts of your body.