Cancer types

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You might think that cancer is one disease, but it's really a collection of related diseases that can occur almost anywhere in the body. Changes in genes in the cells of your body can cause cells to grow out of control and crowd out normal cells. Abnormal cells grow and divide when they shouldn't, or don't die when they should.

There are hundreds of cancer types, and they're usually named for the places where they form. The most common types of cancer are breast, colorectal, lung and prostate. Other common types include bladder, bone, endometrial, esophageal, head and neck, leukemia, kidney, melanoma, neuroendocrine, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, ovarian, pancreatic and thyroid.

What types of cancer does HonorHealth treat/specialize in?

HonorHealth treats all types of adult cancer through the HonorHealth Virginia G. Piper Cancer Network. The health system specializes in the treatment of:

A variety of support services available through the Virginia G. Piper Cancer Network can help you manage concerns of body, mind and spirit.

What do the stages of cancer mean?

With cancer stages, the higher the number, the larger the tumor and the more it has spread into nearby tissues.

  • Stage 0: Abnormal cells have not spread to nearby tissue. Also called carcinoma in situ or CIS, this stage is often highly curable.
  • Stage I: This involves a small cancer or tumor that has not advanced into nearby tissues. The cancer has not spread to lymph nodes or to other parts of the body. The prognosis often is favorable.
  • Stages II and III: The cancer or tumor is larger and has grown into nearby tissue. It also may have spread to lymph nodes but not to other parts of the body.
  • Stage IV: Cancer has spread to other organs or other parts of the body. This is also called advanced or metastatic cancer.

Does HonorHealth offer cancer screenings?

Early detection of cancer offers the best chance for a cure. Lifesaving screening tests such as mammograms, Pap tests and colonoscopies are available through physicians on the HonorHealth medical staff and at HonorHealth facilities and partners.

If your family members, past and present, had or have a history of cancer, it might be wise to consider genetic counseling. Highly qualified experts provide this valuable service in Phoenix and Scottsdale. Call 480-882-4703 for an appointment.

Is medical science making progress against cancer?

Although the number of types of cancer can be sobering, the good news is that:

  • The overall cancer death rate from all cancers fell 25 percent from 1991 to 2014, according to the American Cancer Society.
  • The five-year survival rate for all cancers combined is about 66 percent, according to the National Cancer Institute.
  • The number of people living beyond a cancer diagnosis — almost 14.5 million in 2014 — is expected to rise to almost 19 million by 2024.

Also, clinical trials offered in partnership with the HonorHealth Research Institute offer cutting-edge cancer treatment.